Hadrian's Wall is the best known Roman construction in Britain. It crossed the north of England from the Solway Firth in the west to the River Tyne in the east. It was constructed 122-8 AD and formed the northern boundary of the Roman Empire. This boundary moved north to the Antonine Wall in central Scotland (see my posting here) 20 years after construction but returned to Hadrian's wall after a further 20 years.
The wall was a huge construction. It was 72 miles long built mostly of squared masonry. 3 metres wide and 5-6 meters tall. There were 80 small forts along the wall and two turrets between each fort. In addition there was a ditch dug in front of the wall for added protection.
The wall was abandoned in the 5th century and its stone subsequently used for building materials. There is an excellent road (the B6318) that runs parallel to the wall over its central section. This is very straight but with crests & dips and great views of the rugged landscape. This road looks roman but was built in the 18th century unfortunately using stone from the wall in its construction.
There is a walking route along the wall and this was being quite well used when I visited.
|The wall at Walltown Crags|
|The remains of a turret at Walltown Crags|
|The FJ at a section of the wall near Walwick. The defensive ditch is on the left.|